How to report Cyber Blackmailing in India?
Cyber Crime/Online Fraud

How to report Cyber Blackmailing in India?

If you are a victim of cyber blackmailing in India, here are the steps you can take to report the incident to the police authorities:


  1. Different types of Cyber Crimes:


  1. Extortion:

Extortion is the use of threats or intimidation to obtain something from someone, usually money.


  1. Cyberstalking:

Cyberstalking is the use of the internet or other electronic means to harass or intimidate someone.


  1. Invasion of privacy:

Cyber blackmailing may involve the invasion of privacy, which is a violation of an individual's right to privacy.


  1. Identity theft:

Identity theft is the unauthorized use of someone else's personal information for fraudulent purposes.


  1. Cyberbullying:

Cyber blackmailing may also be considered a form of cyberbullying, which is the use of electronic means to bully, harass, or intimidate someone. Cyberbullying can have severe emotional and psychological consequences for its victims.


Depending on the specific circumstances of the case, the blackmailer may be charged with one or more of these offenses. It's essential to seek legal advice if you have been a victim of cyber blackmailing, as an experienced Lawyer can help you understand your rights and the legal options available to you.

  1. Reporting Cyber Crime:

  1. Collect evidence:

The first step is to collect all the evidence related to the cyber blackmailing, such as the messages, emails, or social media posts sent by the blackmailer. You should take screenshots or save any relevant information that can be used as evidence.


  1. File a complaint:

You can file a complaint with the cybercrime division of your local police station or with the National Cyber Crime Reporting Portal ( The portal provides a user-friendly interface for reporting cyber-crimes, including cyber blackmailing. You should also contact local police in case of an emergency or for reporting crimes other than cyber-crimes. National police helpline number is 112. National women helpline number is 181 and Cyber Crime Helpline is 1930.


  1. Complaint Draft:

In the complaint, you should provide all the details about the incident, such as the date and time of the blackmailing, the method of communication, and the content of the messages. You should also provide the evidence that you have collected. Once you have filed the complaint, you should follow up with the police authorities regularly to know the status of your complaint. You can also provide any additional information or evidence that you may have.

  1. Seek legal advice:

You can seek legal advice from a lawyer who has experience in cybercrime cases. The lawyer can guide you through the legal process and represent you in court if necessary.

  1. Preserve evidence:

It's essential to preserve the evidence related to the cyber blackmailing as it can be used in the investigation and prosecution of the case. You should not delete any messages or posts that can be used as evidence.


  1. Conclusion:

It's important to report cyber blackmailing to the police as soon as possible, as delays in reporting can affect the investigation and prosecution of the case. The police authorities take cybercrime very seriously, and they have specialized cybercrime units to investigate and prosecute these cases. By reporting the incident, you can not only get justice for yourself but also prevent the blackmailer from victimizing others

Online Blackmailing: Fight back to regain control of your life
Cyber Crime/Online Fraud

Online Blackmailing: Fight back to regain control of your life


Introduction: Online Blackmailing

In 2023, we have seen online blackmailing is emerging as an unfortunate reality of our digital age. It's a cybercrime where a person is threatened with exposure of their private information, images or videos unless they pay a certain sum of money. Online blackmailing is a traumatic experience, causing emotional distress and leading to financial loss. However, it is essential to know that you are not alone, and there are ways to fight back and regain control of your life.


Do not accept demands of online blackmailers:

First of all, it's important to know that giving in to what a blackmailer wants is always a bad idea. If you give them money, it will not only encourage them to keep doing bad things, but it will also make you easier to blackmail in the future. It's important to remember that these people can't be trusted, and they have no plans to do what they say they'll do. They might even ask for more money after you've paid the first amount..


Collect crucial information:

If you are being blackmailed online, the first thing you should do is try to get as much proof as you can. Save any messages or emails the blackmailer sends you, take screenshots of any social media posts, and write down any other communication. This proof can be used later to tell the police about the blackmailing and take legal action.


Report it to Cyber Cell/Cyber Police Station:

The next thing that needs to be done is to report the event to the cyber cell of the police station that is geographically closest to you. As a major criminal infraction, blackmailing is taken very seriously by the law enforcement officials that investigate these cases. You should provide them all of the evidence that you have gathered, and they will look into the problem after they have received it. Although it may be difficult to come forward and report the incident, it is essential to keep in mind that the police authorities are there to help you, and they will do everything in their power to bring the blackmailer to justice. Although it may be difficult to come forward and report the incident, it is essential to keep in mind that the police authorities are there to help you.


Report to online hosting services:

It is essential to alert the internet platform or service where the blackmailing is taking place, in addition to filing a report with the local law enforcement agency regarding the event. The vast majority of websites and social media platforms have stringent regulations against blackmailing, and they will take the required action to remove any content that is deemed to be in violation of those standards, as well as ban the blackmailer from using the platform. The platform will be able to improve its security procedures as a result of the incident being reported, which will reduce the likelihood of future instances of a similar nature.


Seek Support from friends and family for online blackmailing:

You have the option of seeking assistance from a reliable friend or member of your family if you do not feel comfortable reporting the incident to the authorities or the platform directly. It is essential to have someone you can share your experience with and receive emotional support from. In addition, there are a multitude of support groups and organisations available to assist individuals who have been victimised by internet blackmail. These groups are able to offer you counselling services, legal guidance, and assistance in navigating the process of reporting the incident to the authorities. If you contact them, you can receive all three of these benefits.


Steps to protect yourself:

It's also essential to take steps to protect yourself online. This includes being cautious about sharing personal information and images with others online. You should also use strong and unique passwords for all your accounts and enable two-factor authentication whenever possible. Regularly checking your privacy settings and restricting access to your personal information is also crucial. Finally, it's important to keep your antivirus software and other security measures up to date to protect yourself from malware and other cyber threats.



In conclusion, online blackmailing is a serious crime that can have devastating consequences for its victims. However, it's important to know that there are ways to fight back and regain control of your life. By collecting evidence, reporting the incident to the police and online platform, seeking emotional support, and taking steps to protect yourself online, you can minimize the impact of online blackmailing and prevent it from happening again in the future. Remember that you are not alone, and there are resources available to help you through this traumatic experience.

Cyber Extortion in India: How to deal with it?
Cyber Crime/Online Fraud

Cyber Extortion in India: How to deal with it?

Cybercrime has become more sophisticated and common as technology has become more important in our lives. Cyber extortion, in particular, is becoming a bigger problem in India, where cybercriminals use a variety of methods to get people and businesses to pay them money. This blog post will explain what cyber extortion is, how it works, and what you can do to protect yourself from this type of cybercrime. By knowing how cyber extortion works and taking the right precautions, you can reduce the chance of being a victim of this kind of attack.


What is Cyber Extortion?

Cyber extortion is a type of cybercrime where an attacker uses threats or coercion to demand payment from an individual or organization. The attacker may use a variety of tactics to carry out their attack, including stealing sensitive data, locking down computer systems with ransomware, or launching DDoS attacks to disrupt online services. Cyber extortion can be highly lucrative for attackers, and it can cause significant harm to victims.


How Does Cyber Extortion Work?

Threats to leak private data, disable access to the internet, or destroy computer hardware are all hallmarks of cyber extortion. The attacker may employ a wide number of techniques, such as:


Ransomware: The attacker may employ ransomware to lock down a victim's computer system or encrypt sensitive data, making it inaccessible to the victim. The attacker will then demand payment in exchange for the decryption key or the release of the system.


DDoS attacks: The cybercriminal may use distributed denial of service assaults (DDoS) to overwhelm the victim's website with so much traffic that it is unreachable to its genuine visitors. The perpetrator of the attack will then make a demand for payment in exchange for putting an end to the assault.


Theft of sensitive data: It is possible for the attacker to take sensitive data, such as client data or financial information, and then demand a ransom from the victim if they do not agree to disclose the data.


Threats of violence or physical harm: Unless a ransom is paid, the assailant in some situations may threaten the victim or the victim's family with violence or other forms of bodily harm unless the ransom is paid.


What Steps Can You Take to Deal with Cyber Extortion?

If you are a victim of cyber extortion, it's important to take immediate action to protect yourself and minimize the damage. Here are some steps you can take:


Do not pay the ransom:

Even while it may be tempting to pay the ransom in order to regain access to your systems or data, doing so would simply encourage the attacker to carry out their illegal acts in the future. In addition to this, there is no assurance that paying the demanded sum would result in either the recovery of your data or the restoration of your systems.


Contact law enforcement: Cyber extortion is a severe offence, and the authorities may be able to assist you. Call your local police station or cybercrime unit and offer as much information about the incident as possible.


Disconnect from the internet: If your computer systems have been affected with malware or ransomware, disconnect them immediately from the internet to prevent the attacker from gaining access to your data or inflicting more damage.


Restore from backups: If you have backups of your data, use them to restore your systems instead of paying the ransom. Make sure to thoroughly scan your backups for malware or ransomware before restoring them.


Work on your cybersecurity: Take steps to improve your cybersecurity posture to prevent future attacks. This may include implementing stronger passwords, regularly updating your software, and using anti-malware software to detect and remove threats.


Consider cyber insurance: Cyber insurance can provide financial protection in the event of a cyber-attack. Check with your insurance provider to see if you have coverage for cyber extortion.



In conclusion, cyber extortion is a substantial risk that carries the potential to have significant repercussions for organisations and individuals in India. You can lower the likelihood of becoming a victim of cyber extortion if you take preventative steps to protect yourself from becoming a victim of cybercrime. For example, you can improve your cybersecurity posture by performing regular data backups. If you do end up becoming a victim, it is imperative that you maintain your composure and take the necessary precautions to limit the extent of the harm and protect yourself from further assaults. Keep in mind that you should never give in and pay the ransom, and you should always report the event to the authorities. You can avoid danger in a world that is becoming more digital if you keep a sharp eye out for potential threats and take preventative steps to safeguard yourself.

How to draft your Will and when?
Wills / Trusts

How to draft your Will and when?


Creating a will is essential to guarantee that your possessions are distributed in accordance with your preferences following your death. A will enables you to select your beneficiaries, appoint an executor, and make specific bequests, such as personal property, etc. In addition, a will can reduce disagreement among your loved ones and guarantee that your estate is administered in a timely and effective manner. Taking the time to write a will is a simple but necessary step in protecting the interests of your loved ones and ensuring that your desires are carried out after your death.


When should you have your WILL drafted?

Everyone should make a will at some point in their lives, no matter how old they are or how much money they have. Many people think that wills are only important for older people or people with a lot of money, but the truth is that everyone can benefit from having one. It's never too early to start thinking about your estate plan and making sure your loved ones are taken care of after you die. Some of the most common reasons to make a will are getting married, having children, buying a house, or going through a big life change like getting divorced or losing a family member. In the end, anyone who wants to make sure their assets are divided the way they want should think about making a will.


Important aspects to keep in mind while drafting a WILL


1: Determine your assets

The first step in drafting a will is to determine your assets. This includes everything you own, such as real estate, bank accounts, investments, and personal belongings. It's important to make a list of all your assets and their approximate value to ensure that nothing is overlooked.


2: Identify your beneficiaries

Once you have determined your assets, the next step is to identify your beneficiaries. These are the individuals or organizations that you wish to leave your property to. Beneficiaries can be family members, friends, charities, or other organizations. It's important to consider the needs and circumstances of each beneficiary when making these decisions.

3: Appoint an executor

An executor is the person who will be responsible for carrying out the instructions in your will. They will manage your estate, pay any debts or taxes owed, and distribute your assets according to your wishes. It's important to choose someone you trust and who is willing to take on this responsibility.


4: Draft your will

Once you have identified your assets, beneficiaries, and executor, it's time to draft your will. There are two options for drafting a will: hiring an attorney or using a will-making software or template. If you have a complex estate or have concerns about legal issues, hiring an attorney may be the best option. However, if your estate is relatively simple, using a will-making software or template can be a cost-effective and efficient option.

When drafting your will, be sure to include the following information:

  1. A clear statement that the document is your will
  2. Your name, address, and contact information
  3. A statement revoking any previous wills or codicils
  4. The appointment of an executor
  5. A description of your assets and how you want them to be distributed
  6. Specific gifts, such as personal belongings or heirlooms
  7. Any instructions for the care of minor children or dependents
  8. Any charitable bequests or donations
  9. Your signature and the signatures of two witnesses


5: Sign and store your will

Once your will is drafted, it must be signed and witnessed in accordance with state laws. In most states, the will must be signed by the testator (the person making the will) and two witnesses who are not beneficiaries or spouses of beneficiaries. The witnesses must be present when the testator signs the will and must sign it themselves. It's important to follow state laws carefully to ensure that your will is valid.

After your will is signed, it should be stored in a safe place, such as a fireproof safe or with an attorney. Be sure to inform your executor and loved ones of the location of your will, so they can access it easily after your passing.


6: Review and update your will

Finally, it's important to review and update your will regularly. Life changes such as marriage, divorce, births, deaths, and changes in financial circumstances can all impact your estate plan. Review your will every few years or after major life changes to ensure that it still reflects your wishes.



Making a will for your property is one of the most important things you can do to make sure that your assets are divided the way you want after you die. By taking these important steps, you can make a legal document that gives you peace of mind and protects your loved ones' interests. Don't forget to think about what you have.

Gift deed in India: An Overview
Agreement & Contract

Gift deed in India: An Overview

A gift deed is a legal document that transfers the ownership of a property or asset from one person to another without any exchange of money. It is an instrument of transfer of property that is commonly used in India to gift property to family members or close relatives. In this blog, we will discuss the validity and structure of a gift deed in India.

Validity of a gift deed

To be legally valid, a gift deed must fulfill certain legal requirements. These requirements are outlined in the Transfer of Property Act, 1882 and the Indian Registration Act, 1908. The key requirements for a gift deed to be valid are:

Competency of parties

The donor and the donee must be competent to enter into a gift deed. This means that they must be of sound mind, not minors, and should have the legal capacity to transfer and receive property.

Free consent

The gift must be made by the donor out of his or her free consent. This means that the donor should not be under any undue influence or coercion and should fully understand the implications of the gift.


The gift must be accepted by the donee. Acceptance can be express or implied, but it must be made during the lifetime of the donor.


The gift must be delivered by the donor to the donee. Delivery can be physical, constructive, or symbolic, but it must be unconditional and irrevocable.


The gift deed must be registered with the Sub-Registrar of Assurances in the jurisdiction where the property is located. This is a mandatory requirement under Section 17 of the Indian Registration Act, 1908, and failure to register the gift deed can render it invalid.


Structure of a gift deed

The gift deed must be drafted in a specific format and must contain certain essential elements. These include:

a) Title

    The gift deed should have a clear and concise title that reflects the purpose of the document. This can be "Gift Deed" or "Deed of Gift".

b) Introduction

The introduction of the gift deed should include the names and addresses of the donor and the donee, as well as a brief description of the property being gifted.

c) Recitals

The recitals of the gift deed should provide the context and background of the gift. This can include the reason for the gift, the relationship between the donor and the donee, and any other relevant details.

d) Operative clause

The operative clause of the gift deed is the section that actually transfers the property from the donor to the donee. This should be clearly worded and should specify the nature and extent of the property being gifted.

e) Consideration

The gift deed should explicitly state that no consideration has been exchanged between the donor and the donee. This is a key requirement for a gift deed to be valid, as any exchange of money or other consideration would render the gift deed void.

f) Covenants

The covenants of the gift deed are the promises made by the donor and the donee. These can include promises to maintain the property, pay taxes, or otherwise fulfill the obligations associated with ownership of the property.

g) Registration details

The gift deed should include the details of the registration, including the date and time of registration, the Sub-Registrar of Assurances, and the registration number.

h) Signatures

Finally, the gift deed should be signed by the donor and the donee, as well as two witnesses. The signatures should be witnessed by an authorized person, and the gift deed should also include the date of signing.


In addition to being a legal instrument of property transfer, a gift deed can also be used as a tax-saving instrument in India. By gifting property to a close relative, an individual can not only transfer the ownership of the property but also reduce their tax liability.Under the Indian Income Tax Act, 1961, gifts made by an individual to a specified list of relatives are exempt from tax. These relatives include parents, spouse, siblings, children, and lineal ascendants and descendants. Any gift made to these relatives is considered as tax-free income and is not subject to tax. Thus, if an individual gifts a property to a close relative through a gift deed, they can not only transfer the ownership of the property but also reduce their taxable income. This can be especially useful in cases where the property has appreciated significantly in value, as the capital gains tax on the sale of the property can be substantial.

Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) for Sale of Property in India: An overview
Property buying selling

Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) for Sale of Property in India: An overview

Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) is a legal document that outlines the terms and conditions of a transaction between two parties. It is an agreement that lays out the basic framework of the sale of property, including the obligations and responsibilities of both parties. In India, the MOU is commonly used in real estate transactions to provide clarity and structure to the property sale process. In this blog, we will discuss the key elements of a Memorandum of Understanding for the sale of property in India.

  1. Property details The first and most important element of a Memorandum of Understanding is the property details. This includes the property's location, area, and boundaries. The MOU should also include the property's registration number and other relevant details such as the title deed, survey number, and land use category.

  2. Sale price and payment terms The MOU should clearly outline the sale price of the property and the payment terms. This includes the payment schedule, payment method, and any penalties or interest for late payment. The payment terms should be agreed upon by both parties and should be included in the MOU to avoid any confusion or disputes later on.

  3. Possession and handover The MOU should outline the possession and handover details, including the date of possession and any conditions for handover. This includes any documentation or legal formalities required for the transfer of ownership of the property. The MOU should also specify the responsibilities of both parties regarding the condition of the property at the time of handover.

  4. Legal and regulatory compliance The MOU should include a clause stating that the sale of the property will comply with all legal and regulatory requirements. This includes obtaining any necessary approvals, licenses, or permits required for the sale of the property. The MOU should also specify which party is responsible for obtaining these approvals and any associated costs.

  5. Dispute resolution In case of any dispute, the MOU should outline the dispute resolution process. This includes the mechanism for resolving disputes, such as mediation or arbitration, and any costs associated with the resolution process. The MOU should also specify the jurisdiction for any legal proceedings that may arise.

  6. Confidentiality and non-disclosure The MOU should include a clause stating that the details of the transaction are confidential and cannot be disclosed to any third party without the written consent of both parties. This is to ensure that any sensitive information related to the property sale is not leaked or used against either party.

  7. Termination The MOU should also include a termination clause specifying the circumstances under which the agreement can be terminated. This includes any conditions for termination, such as non-payment or failure to comply with legal or regulatory requirements. The MOU should also specify the consequences of termination, including any penalties or forfeitures.

  8. Signatures Finally, the MOU should be signed by both parties to indicate their agreement to the terms and conditions outlined in the document. The signatures should be witnessed by an authorized person, and the MOU should also include the date of signing.

In conclusion, a Memorandum of Understanding is an essential document in the sale of property in India. It lays out the basic framework of the property sale transaction, including the obligations and responsibilities of both parties. The MOU should include property details, sale price and payment terms, possession and handover, legal and regulatory compliance, dispute resolution, confidentiality and non-disclosure, termination, and signatures. The MOU should be carefully reviewed and signed by both parties to avoid any confusion or disputes later on. By including all of the necessary elements in the MOU, both parties can enter into the property sale transaction with confidence, knowing that their interests are protected and the terms of the sale are clear and unambiguous