Is Cryptocurrency Legal in India? A Comprehensive Overview in 2023

Is Cryptocurrency Legal in India? A Comprehensive Overview in 2023

Cryptocurrencies, like Bitcoin, have seen a lot of changes in rules and how people view them all over the world. India is one of the countries trying to figure out what to do about these digital currencies. Since India has a lot of people, and many of them are getting more into technology, what India decides about cryptocurrency is a big deal. So, the big question is: Is it okay to use cryptocurrencies in India? Let's explore this more


A Glimpse of the Past of Cryptocurrency

Historically, India's approach to cryptocurrency has been one of caution. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI), the nation's central banking institution, had expressed reservations about the decentralized nature of cryptocurrencies. Citing concerns related to consumer protection, market integrity, and money laundering, the RBI, in April 2018, prohibited banks and financial institutions from providing services related to cryptocurrencies.

This move led to a significant decline in cryptocurrency-related activities in India. However, it was met with challenges. Many crypto enthusiasts and businesses approached the judiciary, questioning the central bank's decision.


The Turnaround

In March 2020, the Supreme Court of India lifted the ban imposed by the RBI, citing the proportionality of the restrictions. The decision was seen as a victory for the Indian crypto community. Post this judgment, cryptocurrency trading platforms witnessed a surge in user registration and trading volumes.

It's also noteworthy that India has been gradually introducing measures to regulate cryptocurrency revenues. In April 2022, a 30% income tax was levied on profits derived from cryptocurrencies. This was followed by the implementation of a 1% tax deducted at source on cryptocurrency transactions in July 2022.

On the March 7, 2023, the Central Government issued a notification, effectively placing digital assets, including cryptocurrencies, under the purview of the Prevention of Money Laundering Act (PMLA). This move signaled India's intent to tighten its grip on the regulation of digital currencies. The Finance Ministry further elucidated that any exchange involving digital assets and fiat currencies, or between different forms of digital assets, would now be subject to the stipulations of the PMLA.


Understanding Cryptocurrency's Legal Status in India

Legal tender is like official money that the government accepts. If you have legal tender, you can use it to pay for things and also pay off any debts. In many countries, the money you use daily, like rupees or dollars, is legal tender because it's backed by the government.

Now, let's talk about cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin in India. Even though many people in India buy, sell, and use cryptocurrencies for different things, these digital currencies aren't considered legal tender. This means you can't use them everywhere like you'd use rupees, especially when it comes to official matters or paying off debts.However, just because it's not "official money" doesn't mean the government ignores it. They know that these digital currencies are becoming more popular both in India and around the world. So, they've decided to put a tax on it. In 2022, the government said they would charge a 30% tax on money people make from cryptocurrencies.

But even with this tax, there aren't clear rules about how cryptocurrencies should work in India. Everyone who uses them is waiting for the government to give more clear guidelines about how to buy, sell, and use these digital coins safely and legally.


Regulatory Framework for Cryptocurrency

Although the Supreme Court lifted the RBI's ban, it emphasized the need for robust regulations. Recognizing the potential risks and benefits, the Indian government has been considering introducing a comprehensive legal framework for cryptocurrencies. Several proposals and bills have been discussed, aiming to regulate the crypto industry without disrupting innovation. The intent is to ensure that India does not miss out on the opportunities presented by blockchain technology and digital currencies while safeguarding against potential risks.


Challenges in Regulation

Formulating a regulatory framework for cryptocurrencies is no easy task. The decentralized, borderless nature of these digital assets poses challenges in jurisdiction, monitoring, and enforcement. Additionally, striking a balance between fostering innovation and ensuring security, transparency, and consumer protection is tricky.


The Way Forward for Cryptocureency in India

India's approach towards cryptocurrency regulation seems to be one of 'cautious optimism.' The government is keen on understanding the technological underpinnings, potential applications, and global best practices before formulating any policies.



Cryptocurrency in India stands at a pivotal juncture. While it's not illegal, its future is heavily dependent on the regulatory framework that the government is likely to introduce. As global trends indicate a gradual shift towards accepting and adopting cryptocurrencies, it remains to be seen how India, with its vast potential as a market, navigates this intricate domain. For now, enthusiasts, investors, and businesses tread with both excitement and caution, awaiting clearer directives.

India's Stance on Cryptocurrency: An Emphasis on Anti-Money Laundering
Banking / Finance

India's Stance on Cryptocurrency: An Emphasis on Anti-Money Laundering

Cryptocurrencies have been a topic of much debate and speculation in the financial world. Their decentralized nature, volatility, and potential for anonymity have made them both intriguing and controversial. India, like many countries, has been carefully evaluating how to approach this digital currency phenomenon. A significant step in this direction was taken on March 7, 2023.

Strengthening Oversight of Digital Assets in India

On the aforementioned date, the Central Government issued a notification, effectively placing digital assets, including cryptocurrencies, under the purview of the Prevention of Money Laundering Act (PMLA). This move signaled India's intent to tighten its grip on the regulation of digital currencies. The Finance Ministry further elucidated that any exchange involving digital assets and fiat currencies, or between different forms of digital assets, would now be subject to the stipulations of the PMLA.


Implications for Crypto Dealers and Exchanges:

This change means that all players in the cryptocurrency sector, ranging from dealers and exchanges to intermediaries, will now be mandated to comply with Know Your Customer (KYC) procedures and diligently maintain client and user records. Shashank Agarwal, an advocate at the Delhi High Court, highlighted the implications: crypto entities are now expected to promptly report any suspicious activities to relevant government agencies, allowing for more meticulous monitoring of crypto transactions.


Details of the Notification

The notification effectively designates Virtual Digital Assets (VDA) service providers as "reporting entities" under the PMLA. This places them on par with other regulated entities, such as banks and payment system operators, holding them to the same reporting and KYC standards. Furthermore, any financial malpractice involving cryptocurrency can now be probed by the Enforcement Directorate. The term 'virtual assets' has been defined in alignment with its characterization in the Income-Tax Act, encompassing both cryptocurrencies and non-fungible tokens (NFTs).


Rationale Behind the New Rules

While the burgeoning crypto industry provides exciting opportunities, it also carries risks, particularly pertaining to illegal activities like money laundering. The central idea behind the newly imposed rules is to thwart potential misuse of cryptocurrencies for such illicit purposes.

The crypto industry, despite its promise, has faced considerable scrutiny over the years, primarily due to concerns about its potential misuse. By enforcing compliance requirements, akin to those in the traditional banking sector, the government is attempting to lend more credibility to the sector.


Understanding Money Laundering in the Crypto Context

Indian law has a clear definition of money laundering, which includes any activity that involves the proceeds of crime and presents it as legitimate. Translating this to the cryptocurrency world, undisclosed crypto transfers, which aren't reported as income or payments, could implicate both the sender and receiver under the money laundering act.

The digital nature of cryptocurrencies offers a level of anonymity, making it easier for individuals to indulge in transactions without requisite disclosures or KYC verifications. However, the penalties for money laundering are severe, with rigorous imprisonment ranging from three to seven years and potential fines extending up to five lakh rupees.


India's Evolving Stance on Crypto Taxation

It's also noteworthy that India has been gradually introducing measures to regulate cryptocurrency revenues. In April 2022, a 30% income tax was levied on profits derived from cryptocurrencies. This was followed by the implementation of a 1% tax deducted at source on cryptocurrency transactions in July 2022.


In Conclusion

The world is closely observing the cryptocurrency domain as it evolves. Governments worldwide, India included, are recognizing the sector's significance and are working to establish clear regulations. These steps are vital not only for the security and growth of the financial landscape but also to ensure that innovative platforms like cryptocurrencies can thrive in a regulated, secure, and transparent environment

Avoiding Common Mistakes: Why you should seek legal advice Before Making Big Decisions
Business and Startup related matter

Avoiding Common Mistakes: Why you should seek legal advice Before Making Big Decisions


We all at some point of time in life need to take decisions which are significant in their magnitude and impact, and these are inevitable moments; while they give a thrilling feel, filled with lots of possibilities, but also comes with some potential risks. This could be when you're starting a new business, buying a property with your hard-earned money, or dealing with personal stuff like getting married or planning what happens to your property and assets after you're gone. These decisions can be tricky because they often involve a lot of complex documentation with multiple set of applicable laws. Making a slightest mistake could end up being very expensive, both in terms of money and stress. This is why it's really important to get right advice from a legal professional before you make these kinds of decisions. This blog is going to show you some common mistakes that people make when they don't get legal advice, and why it's always a good idea to get this expert advice to help you make the best choices in your life.


  1. Overlooking Crucial Legal Documents

Overlooking or misreading essential documents is one of the most common mistakes all make when embarking on significant decisions. Legal documents, such as terms and conditions, contracts, agreements, wills, form the backbone for big transaction. They hold key information and terms that dictate how a deal or decision should proceed. When these documents are not given the necessary attention, or are misunderstood, it can lead to disputes, delays, and financial losses. Without professional legal advice, people often overlook critical clauses, misinterpret legal jargon, or miss out on the consequences of signing certain documents. Consulting a legal professional can help you understand these documents in depth, ensuring you are fully aware of your rights, responsibilities, and potential pitfalls before making your decision.

Get your document reviewed with expert lawyer


We witness almost every day when two-three friends decide to start a business together. They go great idea, got enough funds, invested in best equipment, secure a great location, hired staff, and started getting amazing demand.  However, they fail to procure required permissions and licenses, didn’t have a co-founder agreement, and hired without properly employment agreements. They are now left exposed to the business threatening potential legal disputes and financial liability down the line. By consulting with a legal expert and lawyer beforehand, they could have avoided these issues and established a solid legal foundation for their business.


  1. Ignoring Intellectual Property Rights

Another area where people often make legal mistakes is in the realm of intellectual property (IP). This includes patents, trademarks, copyrights, and trade secrets. Failing to properly secure or respect IP rights can lead to costly legal disputes and harm your reputation.

consult a lawyer on Intellectual property matters


Suppose you create a new product and use a name/logo to that of a familiar/established company, believing it's a clever homage. You also become a known brand and got your customer loyalty in short span of time but unfortunately, the established company sees it as trademark infringement and takes legal action against you, this may end up in completely shutting down the brand or changing it, which will kill your customer’s brand loyalty. This could’ve avoided with appropriate legal advice and proper documentation. You could have chosen a different brand name/logo or secured a permission from the company to use their trademark, avoiding a costly legal battle.


  1. Misunderstanding Contractual Obligations

Contracts are a crucial aspect of business and failing to understand them fully can lead to disputes and financial losses. It's essential to review all contracts with a legal professional before signing, as they can help you understand the fine prints, your rights and responsibilities, suggest you negotiating points and identify potential pitfalls.

Consult a lawyer for contracts and agreements


You hire a contractor to renovate your office space and sign the contract without fully understanding its terms. The contractor completes the work, but the quality is below standard. When you attempt to withhold payment, you discover that the contract contains a clause requiring you to pay regardless of the work's quality. Had you sought legal advice beforehand, you could have negotiated a more favourable contract or found a different contractor.


  1. Failing to Properly Document Transactions

Proper documentation is essential for any transaction, as it can help prevent disputes and protect your interests in the event of legal action. Unfortunately, many people fail to document transactions adequately, leaving them vulnerable to legal issues.



You loan money to a friend to help them start a business, with the agreement that they'll pay you back with interest. However, you don't put the agreement in writing. When your friend's business takes off, they deny ever agreeing to repay you with interest. Without proper documentation, you may struggle to enforce the repayment terms in court. Consulting a lawyer and getting a proper loan agreement before remitting the loan could have helped protecting your money and interests.


Not Seeking Legal Advice

Perhaps the most common legal mistake is simply not seeking legal advice when making any critical business or personal decision. As former Supreme Court Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr. once said, "A man who is his own lawyer has a fool for a client."

When to Consult a Lawyer:  Navigating Legal Issues with Confidence
Legal Technology

When to Consult a Lawyer: Navigating Legal Issues with Confidence

As the old saying goes, "A stitch in time saves nine." But what if that stitch were a phone call to a lawyer? Many people often hesitate to seek legal counsel until it's too late, either due to fear of the unknown or concerns about the cost. However, knowing when to call a lawyer can be a game-changer in navigating legal issues with confidence. In this blog, we'll explore some common situations when seeking legal advice is essential, share anecdotes from those who have benefited from early legal counsel, and discuss some famous quotes that can inspire you to take action.


a) Family Matters: Divorce, Custody, and Adoption

Divorce and child custody battles can be incredibly complex and emotionally draining. As mary, a single mother who went through a tough divorce, says, "I wish I had sought legal advice from the very beginning. The process would have been smoother, and my children would have been spared a lot of pain." An experienced family lawyer can help you navigate these challenging situations, protecting your interests and those of your children. Moreover, if you're considering adoption, it's crucial to consult with a lawyer to ensure you're following the necessary procedures. As the famous attorney and politician, Robert F. Kennedy once said, "Moral courage is a rarer commodity than bravery in battle or great intelligence. Yet it is the one essential, vital quality for those who seek to change the world." Don't be afraid to seek legal advice early on to ensure your family's future is secure.


b) Workplace Disputes: Discrimination and Harassment

In the workplace, legal issues such as discrimination and harassment can wreak havoc on your mental health and career. If you suspect you're being treated unfairly due to your race, gender, religion, or any other protected characteristic, a lawyer can help you understand your rights and explore possible remedies. As civil rights activist, Martin Luther King Jr. said, "Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere." Taking legal action can not only protect you but also pave the way for others in similar situations.


c) Business Matters: Contracts, Partnerships, and Intellectual Property

When starting a business or entering into a partnership, it's essential to have a clear understanding of your rights and obligations. As entrepreneur and investor, Warren Buffett advises, "You can't make a good deal with a bad person." Consulting with a lawyer early on can help you avoid pitfalls and ensure that your agreements are legally sound. Similarly, if you're dealing with intellectual property issues such as patents, copyrights, or trademarks, it's crucial to seek legal counsel. A lawyer with expertise in this field can help you protect your creations and maximize your profit potential.


d) Personal Injury and Medical Negligence

If you've been injured due to someone else's negligence or have suffered from medical Negligence, it's crucial to consult with a lawyer as soon as possible. As Maya Angelou famously said, "You may not control all the events that happen to you, but you can decide not to be reduced by them." An expert Lawyer can help you seek compensation for your physical and emotional suffering, allowing you to focus on healing and rebuilding your life.


e) Estate Planning: Wills, Trusts, and Probate

Estate planning is an area where many people procrastinate, often with disastrous consequences. As Benjamin Franklin said, "In this world, nothing can be said to be certain, except death and taxes." Consulting with an estate planning lawyer can help you create a will or trust, ensuring that your assets are distributed according to your wishes after you are gone.



In conclusion, understanding when to consult a lawyer can be a real game-changer in navigating the labyrinth of legal challenges life may throw at you. Remember, lawyers are not just for courtroom dramas; they can provide valuable insights, clarity, and solutions in a wide range of scenarios—from complex business deals to personal matters like wills and estates. The key is to recognize when you're in over your head and when professional legal advice might be needed. So, don't hesitate to reach out to a legal professional when you're in doubt—it's better to be safe and informed than sorry. We hope this blog has illuminated the path for you and made the world of law a little less daunting. Stay tuned for more practical tips and insights in our upcoming blogs. Stay informed and empowered. 

Don't Wait for Trouble: How Regular Legal Check-Ups Can Save You Money and Headaches

Don't Wait for Trouble: How Regular Legal Check-Ups Can Save You Money and Headaches


Sun Tzu, the ancient Chinese military strategist, once said, "In the midst of chaos, there is also opportunity." While this quote has been applied to many contexts, it perfectly captures the essence of why regular legal check-ups are essential in today's ever-evolving world. Just as we prioritize our physical health with regular check-ups, the same should apply to our legal health. In this blog post, we'll discuss the importance of periodic legal assessments and how they can save you money, headaches, and potential disasters down the line.


  1. The Concept of Legal Check-Ups


A legal check-up is a periodic review of your personal or business legal affairs to ensure they are in good order and compliant with current laws and regulations. This process usually involves consulting with a legal professional who can identify potential issues, suggest remedial actions, and provide guidance on best practices. While it may seem like a daunting task, it is important to remember that prevention is better than cure.


As Benjamin Franklin aptly put it, "An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure." By scheduling regular legal check-ups, you can identify and address potential problems before they escalate into costly disputes or litigation.


II. Benefits of Regular Legal Check-Ups


  1. Financial Savings: Legal disputes and litigation can be incredibly expensive, not to mention time-consuming. By addressing potential issues early on, you can save a significant amount of money in the long run. For instance, reviewing your business contracts can help you avoid disputes, while updating your estate plan can prevent potential family feuds.

  2. Peace of Mind: Knowing that your legal affairs are in order can provide you with peace of mind. This allows you to focus on other important aspects of your life, such as your family, career, or business.

  3. Compliance: Laws and regulations change frequently. Regular legal check-ups can help ensure that your personal and business affairs are in line with the latest legal requirements. This can protect you from fines, penalties, or legal action that may result from non-compliance.


III. Practical Examples of Legal Check-Ups

Let's explore some practical examples of how regular legal check-ups can save you money and headaches:


  1. Estate Planning: Regularly reviewing and updating your will, trusts, and other estate planning documents can help you avoid potential inheritance disputes and ensure that your assets are distributed according to your wishes. This can save your loved ones from emotional and financial turmoil.

  2. Business Structure: As your business grows, it's important to periodically assess whether its current structure is still appropriate. Consulting with a legal professional can help you determine if your business should change its structure, such as transitioning from a sole proprietorship to an LLP or Private Limited, to save on taxes and protect your personal assets.

  3. Employment Law: If you are an employer, regular legal check-ups can ensure your employment policies, contracts, and practices are compliant with current labour laws. This can save you from potential legal claims or fines resulting from non-compliant practices.

  4. Intellectual Property: Whether you are an entrepreneur, artist, or inventor, protecting your intellectual property is crucial. Regular legal check-ups can help you identify potential issues, such as trademark or patent infringements, and provide guidance on how to protect your work.

IV. The Legal Check-Up Process

Individuals and businesses alike can greatly benefit from conducting regular legal check-ups to ensure compliance and mitigate potential risks. Here is a checklist to guide you in your legal self-assessment:

  1. For Individuals:

  1. Personal Documentation: Review and update essential personal documents such as passports, identification cards, and driver's licenses.

  2. Estate Planning: Evaluate your will, trusts, and power of attorney documents to ensure they reflect your current wishes and circumstances.

  3. Insurance Coverage: Assess your insurance policies, including health, life, property, and auto insurance, to verify adequate coverage.

  4. Employment Contracts: Review your employment agreements, including terms of compensation, benefits, and non-compete clauses, to protect your rights.

  5. Financial Obligations: Regularly monitor your financial obligations, such as loans, mortgages, and credit card agreements, to ensure compliance and timely payments.

  6. Intellectual Property: Safeguard your creative works, inventions, and trademarks through proper registration and protection measures.


  1. For Businesses:

  1. Business Structure and Compliance: Verify that your business is operating under the correct legal structure and ensure compliance with applicable laws and regulations.

  2. Contracts and Agreements: Review contracts with clients, suppliers, and partners to ensure they are valid, up-to-date, and adequately protect your interests.

  3. Intellectual Property: Assess the status of your trademarks, copyrights, and patents to safeguard your unique creations and inventions.

  4. Employment Matters: Evaluate employment contracts, non-disclosure agreements, and employee policies to ensure legal compliance and protect the rights of both the business and its employees.

  5. Tax and Financial Compliance: Regularly review your tax obligations, financial records, and bookkeeping practices to comply with tax regulations and maintain accurate financial reporting.

  6. Data Privacy and Security: Implement robust data protection measures to safeguard sensitive customer information and ensure compliance with data privacy laws. 

The Dangers of DIY Legal Work: When You Need to Consult with a Lawyer
Legal Technology

The Dangers of DIY Legal Work: When You Need to Consult with a Lawyer

Legal work can be complex and confusing, often requiring a keen eye for detail and a deep understanding of the law. Yet, many individuals and small business owners attempt to navigate the legal landscape alone, often resorting to do-it-yourself (DIY) legal solutions in an attempt to save money.


While this may seem like a cost-effective approach, it can often lead to disastrous consequences. Benjamin Franklin, who famously said, "An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure." the importance of taking proactive measures to avoid problems before they arise, rather than waiting for a crisis to occur and attempting to fix it on your own.


In this blog, we will explore the dangers of DIY legal work and why it is crucial to consult with a lawyer when facing legal challenges. From costly mistakes to missed opportunities, we will examine the pitfalls of DIY legal work and provide insights on when and how to seek professional legal guidance. So, buckle up, and let's dive in.



The Fascination of DIY Legal Work

The DIY trend is appealing for several reasons: it saves money, offers a sense of accomplishment, and provides an opportunity to learn new skills. In recent years, the Internet has made it easier than ever to access legal resources, templates, and even software that can assist in drafting legal documents. However, as Abraham Lincoln aptly said, "He who represents himself has a fool for a client." This is because the law is complex and constantly changing, making it really challenging for non-experts to navigate effectively and even seemingly straightforward legal tasks can quickly become overwhelming without the proper expertise.


The Dangers of DIY Legal Work


Misinterpreting the law

Legal documents and statutes are often written in technical legal language that can be challenging for laypeople to understand. Misinterpreting these documents can result in unfavorable outcomes, which may be irreversible. For example, drafting a will without a proper understanding of inheritance laws can lead to unintended disinheritance of loved ones or disputes among family members.

Consult a Lawyer Now: Talk to Lawyer Instantly



Missing deadlines

Legal matters often have strict deadlines that, if missed, can lead to irreversible consequences. For instance, if you fail to send a legal notice in a cheque bounce matter within 30 days, your journey to recover your money become longer and painful. A lawyer is well-versed in these deadlines and can ensure they are met.

Lack of advocacy skills

Even with access to legal resources and templates, DIY legal work does not provide the advocacy skills that a trained lawyer possesses. A lawyer is adept at negotiating, strategizing, and presenting persuasive arguments during its practice, which can make all the difference in the outcome of your matter.

Errors and omissions

DIY legal work is prone to errors and omissions, which can be costly in the long run. For example, if you draft a contract without the help of a lawyer, you may overlook crucial clauses that protect your interests or inadvertently include terms that are unfavorable to you. A lawyer can help you avoid such pitfalls.


Also read: Why timely legal consultation is critical


When to Consult a Lawyer?

Although some legal matters can be tackled without professional help, it's important to know when it's time to consult with a lawyer. Here are some instances where seeking legal counsel is essential:


Complex legal issues

If you're facing a complex legal issue, such as a business dispute, a contested divorce, or a lawsuit, it's crucial to have a lawyer on your side. An experienced professional can help you navigate the intricacies of the legal system and ensure that your rights and interests are protected.


Drafting legal documents

While templates and DIY resources can be helpful, they are not a substitute for personalized legal advice. When drafting important legal documents like wills, contracts, or partnership agreements, it's best to consult a lawyer to ensure that your documents accurately reflect your intentions and comply with the law.


Criminal charges

If you're facing criminal charges, it's vital to have a lawyer to represent you. Criminal law is complex, and the consequences of a conviction can be life-altering. An attorney can help you understand the charges against you, negotiate plea deals, and provide a strong defence in court.



In conclusion, while DIY legal work may seem appealing, it can lead to costly mistakes and missed opportunities. Working with a qualified legal professional is often the wiser choice, providing peace of mind, legal expertise, and ultimately, cost savings.