Profession is the link between an individual and the society. Through profession, an individual makes his/her contribution to the society and the society (in the form of an organisation, institution or a business structure or set-up). Profession provides bread and better to countless people across the world.
The Meaning & Definition Of Professional Tax
Various professions are embedded into rules and laws that try to address the complications and ensure there are no leakages & wastes, flaws and anomalies. One aspect surrounding the profession of countless citizens across the world is the profession tax. Profession tax is the tax levied and collected by the state governments in India. It is a direct tax. A person earning an income from salary or anyone practicing a profession such as chartered accountant, company secretary, lawyer, doctor etc. are required to pay this professional tax.
You may also read Income Tax Verification.
Online Professional Tax Registration - A Bird's Eye View
Professional tax is a tax that is imposed by state governments on all salaried individuals. Professional tax is applicable to all working professionals, such as chartered accountants, lawyers, and doctors. It is levied based on the individual’s employment, trade or profession. The tax rates differ across all states, however, the maximum amount that can be levied as professional tax is ₹2,500 per annum.
Smooth Online Professional Eligibility
Professional tax applicability: Professional tax is levied on all types of trades and professions in India. It has to be paid compulsorily by every staff member who is employed in any private firm operating in India. Professional tax registration is the onus of every business owner, who must take up responsibility for deduction of professional tax and payment for the same.
Professional tax for self-employed: Any professional who obtains a monthly regular income will need to pay the professional tax. By the word professional, we mean people employed in specialized fields such as accountancy, media, etc.
Exemption From Paying Professional Tax
The professional tax rules provide exemptions for a few individuals; the exemptions are different based on the state you belong to. The professional tax rules provide exemptions to the following individuals:
Parents of children suffering from mental or permanent disability
Members of the armed forces
Individuals with permanent physical disability
The age differs state wise
Badli workers engaged in the textile industry
Women engaged exclusively as an agent under the directorate of small savings or Mahila Pradhan Kshetriya Bachat Yojana
Guardians or parents of mentally challenged individuals.
Also read TDS Returns.
Here are the reasons why one should never miss a professional tax payment
Judicial requirement: Employers in many states of India are strictly bound by the judiciary to obtain the registration of professional tax. After the registration, they have to make the deductions and pay the service taxes of all the employees who work under them.
Avoid paying penalties: Failure to professional tax registration results in huge penalties that keep on increasing over time.
Easy to comply: The professional tax regulations are so easy to follow. The registration procedures can be done quickly and the further proceedings are also much easier.
Deductions: Deductions can be claimed in the salary on the basis of the professional tax paid. The deductions will be allowed in the year corresponding to which the taxpayer made the payments.
State government tax: The local authorities and the state government have the right to collect all the professional taxes based on employment, profession trades and much more. The collected amount of professional tax per annum should not go beyond ₹2500 per annum.
Certificate of incorporation, including MOA and AOA/LLP agreement
PAN card of company/LLP attested by the company director
Proof of office location with NOC from the owner of the premises
Proof of company bank account with bank statement and a cancelled cheque
Passport size photograph, address and identity proof from all the directors
Board resolution/ statement of consent by the partners
Shop and establishment certificate
Salary register and attendance register.
Online Professional Tax Registration - Detailed Process
Step 1: PAN card, address, and identity proof of all the directors/partners/proprietors of the company must be provided
Step 2: All the employee details must also be furnished
Step 3: The application form for professional tax must be filled by the employees
Step 4: Our experts will submit it to the concerned authorities
Step 5: The basic acknowledgement will be provided by us within 5 to 7 working days
Step 6: The registration hard copy will be issued within 10 days in all the major cities
Step 7: In other places, it might take up to 15 to 20 working days.
Understanding the Professional Tax Registration Applicability
In the case of professional tax, firms, LLPs, corporations, societies, HUFs, associations, clubs, and companies are considered taxable entities. All the branches involved in these will also be considered separate individuals under professional tax.
Legal practitioners such as notaries and solicitors, medical representatives such as dentists, medical consultants, doctors, and other professionals such as management consultants, tax consultants, surveyors, company secretaries, chartered accountants, insurance agents, engineers, architects, and contractors are all considered professional individuals who need to pay professional tax.
Partners and Directors
People who act as company directors, firm partners, LLP partners, and designated partners should pay professional tax. They should register under the professional tax act within 30 days of getting appointed in these roles.
Within 30 days of the company's incorporation, the company/firm must get a professional tax enrollment certificate (PTEC) by registering on the government portal.
The company/firm must have a professional tax registration certificate (PTRC) within 30 days of employing a staff member.The employers are supposed to deduct professional tax from the salary of the people employed under them and submit it at the professional tax department during the time of filing returns.
The employers are supposed to deduct professional tax from the salary of the people employed under them and submit it at the professional tax department during the time of filing returns. The employer will have to register at the professional tax department before 30 days of its applicability.
What are the Consequences of Professional Tax Violation?
Though the actual penal interest or penalty can change according to each state’s legislation board, all states will be charged a penalty if they have not registered after the professional tax legislation is made applicable. Also, penalties will be charged if the payments are not made within the due date or if the return is not filed within the due date specified.
Also read Know About The Founders Agreement.