Dr. Arvind Singhatiya

Dr. Arvind Singhatiya

Dr. Arvind is the Founder of LegalKart, a pioneering legal technology platform in India. With a distinguished academic background, he is a passout from a prestigious national law university and possesses over 17 years of professional experience in the public policy and legal field. Dr. Arvind has a keen interest in legal technology and is committed to democratizing access to legal services for the masses in India. He has been instrumental in leveraging technology to make legal services more accessible and affordable for all, thereby empowering individuals and businesses to make informed decisions. Dr. Arvind's expertise and innovative approach have earned him recognition and acclaim in the legal industry, making him a prominent figure in the legal technology landscape in India.

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Mastering the Art of Negotiation: Why Securing an Indemnity Clause from the Property Seller is a Game-Changer in Sale Deeds

Mastering the Art of Negotiation: Why Securing an Indemnity Clause from the Property Seller is a Game-Changer in Sale Deeds


When diving into the world of real estate transactions, the Sale Deed is not just a document; it's the foundation of your property's legal standing. Among its many clauses, one that often gets overlooked but holds immense power is the indemnity clause. This blog will explore why negotiating an indemnity clause with the property seller is not just a smart move, but a crucial one for safeguarding your investment.


Understanding the Indemnity Clause:

An indemnity clause in a Sale Deed is a legal provision where the seller promises to compensate the buyer for any losses or damages that arise due to defects in the property title or other legal issues related to the property that were not disclosed before the sale. Essentially, it's a safety net that protects the buyer from unforeseen legal troubles.


Why is it a Game-Changer?

1. Protection Against Legal Liabilities:

The primary benefit of an indemnity clause is the protection it offers against legal liabilities. If any undisclosed legal issues surface after the purchase, the indemnity clause ensures that the seller is responsible for resolving these issues or compensating the buyer for any related losses.


2. Encourages Full Disclosure:

Having an indemnity clause in place encourages the seller to fully disclose any known issues with the property. This transparency is crucial for the buyer to make an informed decision and helps avoid any unpleasant surprises post-purchase.


3. Financial Safeguard:

Real estate investments involve significant financial commitments. An indemnity clause acts as a financial safeguard, ensuring that the buyer is not left out of pocket if legal issues arise. This clause can cover costs like legal fees, settlement amounts, or other expenses related to rectifying the title or property defects.


4. Negotiation Leverage:

The process of negotiating an indemnity clause can provide valuable insights into the seller's confidence in the property's legal standing. A seller's willingness to include such a clause can be a positive sign of the property's clear title and vice versa.


5. Peace of Mind:

Knowing that you have a legal recourse in case of undisclosed issues provides peace of mind. Real estate transactions are complex, and having an indemnity clause can significantly reduce the buyer's risk profile.



How to Negotiate an Indemnity Clause?


1. Start Early:

Bring up the indemnity clause early in the negotiation process. This sets a clear expectation with the seller and allows time to discuss and agree upon the terms.


2. Seek Legal Assistance:

It's crucial to have legal assistance when drafting an indemnity clause. A lawyer can help ensure that the clause is comprehensive and covers all potential risks.


3. Be Specific:

The clause should be specific about what it covers. This includes the types of damages covered, the duration of the indemnity, and any limitations or caps on the amount.


4. Mutual Agreement:

The clause should be mutually agreeable. While it's designed to protect the buyer, it shouldn't be unfairly burdensome to the seller.


5. Document Everything:

Ensure that all discussions and agreements regarding the indemnity clause are well-documented. This avoids any future disputes about what was agreed upon.


Case Studies and Examples:

To illustrate the importance of an indemnity clause, consider a scenario where a buyer discovers a legal lien on the property after purchase. Without an indemnity clause, the buyer would be responsible for clearing the lien. However, with a well-negotiated indemnity clause, the seller would be liable for resolving this issue or compensating the buyer.



Negotiating an indemnity clause in a Sale Deed is a critical step in any property transaction. It not only offers legal and financial protection but also ensures transparency and peace of mind. As a buyer, it's important to approach this negotiation with diligence and the support of legal counsel. Remember, a Sale Deed is more than a transaction; it's the foundation of your property's future.


Call to Action:

If you're stepping into the realm of property transactions, or if you're in the process of purchasing a property, consider the indemnity clause your new best friend. Stay informed, seek expert advice, and negotiate wisely. Your future self will thank you for the extra layer of security in your significant investment.

Unlocking the Secrets of a Sale Deed: Basic Concepts

Unlocking the Secrets of a Sale Deed: Basic Concepts


Are you on the brink of buying property or selling one? The Sale Deed is your pivotal document in this journey. It's more than just paperwork; it's the legal proof of your transaction, transferring rights and responsibilities. But, before you put pen to paper, there are crucial aspects you need to understand. This blog post delves into the essence of a Sale Deed and outlines the key factors you should consider before signing. Let's unlock the secrets together.

1. Understanding a Sale Deed:

First things first, what exactly is a Sale Deed? It's a legal document that is quintessential in the process of buying or selling property. This deed is the document that ensures the deal is sealed legally and officially. It's the final agreement signed by both the buyer and the seller, which officially transfers the ownership rights.

2. Key Aspects to Consider:

Before you sign a Sale Deed, there are several critical elements you need to scrutinize:

a)     Legal Verification: Ensure the property has a clear title and no legal disputes are attached to it.

b)    Accurate Details: Verify all the details in the deed, including property description, buyer and seller details, and the agreed-upon price.

c)     Encumbrance Certificate: This certificate confirms that the property is free from any monetary and legal liabilities.

d)    Approval and Permits: Check for the necessary approvals and permits from local authorities.

e)    Payment Terms: Understand the payment schedule, and ensure it's clearly mentioned in the deed.

f)      Possession Date: The deed should clearly state when the possession of the property will be handed over.

g)     Penalty Clauses: Be aware of any penalty clauses in case of a breach of the agreement.


3. The Importance of property legal Due Diligence:

The significance of conducting thorough due diligence before signing a Sale Deed is paramount and cannot be overstated. This process involves a meticulous examination and verification of all aspects related to the property in question. It's essential to ensure that the property has a clear title, free from any disputes or legal encumbrances that could jeopardize your investment. This includes checking for any outstanding mortgages, liens, or claims that might not be immediately apparent. Furthermore, due diligence extends to verifying the authenticity of all property-related documents, such as the title deed, previous sale deeds, the occupancy certificate, and the local municipal records. It's also crucial to inspect the physical condition of the property, ensuring that it matches the descriptions and specifications outlined in the agreement. Additionally, this process should involve a thorough review of the terms and conditions stipulated in the Sale Deed, ensuring they are fair, transparent, and in compliance with legal standards. Due diligence is not merely a precautionary measure but a critical step in safeguarding your rights as a buyer or seller. It helps in identifying potential risks and liabilities associated with the property, thereby enabling you to make an informed decision. Skipping this step can lead to significant legal and financial complications in the future, turning your property investment into a liability rather than an asset. Therefore, investing time and resources in comprehensive due diligence is indispensable for a secure and successful property transaction.


4. Seeking Professional Help:

It's often wise to seek legal advice. A lawyer can help you navigate through the legal jargon and ensure that your rights are protected.


5. Conclusion:

Signing a Sale Deed is a significant step in the property transaction process. Being well-informed and cautious can save you from future legal hassles and financial losses. Remember, this document is not just a formality but a safeguard for your investment. Stay informed, stay secure!

Avoiding Common Mistakes: Why you should seek legal advice Before Making Big Decisions
Business and Startup related matter

Avoiding Common Mistakes: Why you should seek legal advice Before Making Big Decisions


We all at some point of time in life need to take decisions which are significant in their magnitude and impact, and these are inevitable moments; while they give a thrilling feel, filled with lots of possibilities, but also comes with some potential risks. This could be when you're starting a new business, buying a property with your hard-earned money, or dealing with personal stuff like getting married or planning what happens to your property and assets after you're gone. These decisions can be tricky because they often involve a lot of complex documentation with multiple set of applicable laws. Making a slightest mistake could end up being very expensive, both in terms of money and stress. This is why it's really important to get right advice from a legal professional before you make these kinds of decisions. This blog is going to show you some common mistakes that people make when they don't get legal advice, and why it's always a good idea to get this expert advice to help you make the best choices in your life.


Overlooking Crucial Legal Documents
Overlooking or misreading essential documents is one of the most common mistakes all make when embarking on significant decisions. Legal documents, such as terms and conditions, contracts, agreements, wills, form the backbone for big transaction. They hold key information and terms that dictate how a deal or decision should proceed. When these documents are not given the necessary attention, or are misunderstood, it can lead to disputes, delays, and financial losses. Without professional legal advice, people often overlook critical clauses, misinterpret legal jargon, or miss out on the consequences of signing certain documents. Consulting a legal professional can help you understand these documents in depth, ensuring you are fully aware of your rights, responsibilities, and potential pitfalls before making your decision.

            Get your document reviewed with expert lawyer

We witness almost every day when two-three friends decide to start a business together. They go great idea, got enough funds, invested in best equipment, secure a great location, hired staff, and started getting amazing demand.  However, they fail to procure required permissions and licenses, didn’t have a co-founder agreement, and hired without properly employment agreements. They are now left exposed to the business threatening potential legal disputes and financial liability down the line. By consulting with a legal expert and lawyer beforehand, they could have avoided these issues and established a solid legal foundation for their business.


Ignoring Intellectual Property Rights

Another area where people often make legal mistakes is in the realm of intellectual property (IP). This includes patents, trademarks, copyrights, and trade secrets. Failing to properly secure or respect IP rights can lead to costly legal disputes and harm your reputation.

             consult a lawyer on Intellectual property matters


Suppose you create a new product and use a name/logo to that of a familiar/established company, believing it's a clever homage. You also become a known brand and got your customer loyalty in short span of time but unfortunately, the established company sees it as trademark infringement and takes legal action against you, this may end up in completely shutting down the brand or changing it, which will kill your customer’s brand loyalty. This could’ve avoided with appropriate legal advice and proper documentation. You could have chosen a different brand name/logo or secured a permission from the company to use their trademark, avoiding a costly legal battle.


Misunderstanding Contractual Obligations

Contracts are a crucial aspect of business and failing to understand them fully can lead to disputes and financial losses. It's essential to review all contracts with a legal professional before signing, as they can help you understand the fine prints, your rights and responsibilities, suggest you negotiating points and identify potential pitfalls.

              Consult a lawyer for contracts and agreements


You hire a contractor to renovate your office space and sign the contract without fully understanding its terms. The contractor completes the work, but the quality is below standard. When you attempt to withhold payment, you discover that the contract contains a clause requiring you to pay regardless of the work's quality. Had you sought legal advice beforehand, you could have negotiated a more favourable contract or found a different contractor.


Failing to Properly Document Transactions

Proper documentation is essential for any transaction, as it can help prevent disputes and protect your interests in the event of legal action. Unfortunately, many people fail to document transactions adequately, leaving them vulnerable to legal issues.


You loan money to a friend to help them start a business, with the agreement that they'll pay you back with interest. However, you don't put the agreement in writing. When your friend's business takes off, they deny ever agreeing to repay you with interest. Without proper documentation, you may struggle to enforce the repayment terms in court. Consulting a lawyer and getting a proper loan agreement before remitting the loan could have helped protecting your money and interests.

Not Seeking Legal Advice

Perhaps the most common legal mistake is simply not seeking legal advice when making any critical business or personal decision. As former Supreme Court Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr. once said, "A man who is his own lawyer has a fool for a client."

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