Lease Deed Registration: Everything You Should Know
Property

Lease Deed Registration: Everything You Should Know

Renting a house or a commercial property requires a lease deed. A lease deed is a written agreement that governs the terms between a landlord and a tenant. To enforce the terms of a lease deed, you need lease deed registration. Let us see what the various aspects of a lease deed registration are 

Lease Agreement Registration

If your lease deed exceeds 12 months, then you require a lease agreement registration. If you have not registered your lease agreement, you cannot present it as proof in a law court. Lease agreement registration also helps in protecting the rights of the parties. A landlord is more comfortable giving his house to a renter if the lease agreement is legally and validly registered. A lease agreement need not be registered if it is only for 11 months. This is why you would see a common practice of leasing out properties for only 11 months. 

Before you start the lease agreement registration process, you need to have a valid rent agreement in place. Your rent/lease agreement should preferably have the following clauses:

  • Duration: You should mention the period for which the lease agreement is being entered into. If the time period is less than 12 months, then you need not register the same. 

  • Amount of rent: You should mention the amount of rent to be paid and the due date on which it is to be paid. 

  • Security deposit: You should mention the refundable deposit, which the landlord would keep as security, and the refund process. 

  • Lock-in period: This is the minimum period for which the parties need to be in agreement. They cannot terminate the agreement during this period. 

  • Notice period: The lease agreement should contain the period of notice each party needs to give to end the agreement. 

  • Usage: the renter needs to maintain the property in good condition.  

  • Terms related to sub-lease of the property. 

  • Rent escalation clause. 

  • Maintenance fees to be paid, if any. 

People Also Read This: Land & Property Registration: All You Need To Know

You can get your lease agreement registered at the office of the Sub-Registrar of Assurances; in whose jurisdiction the leased property is situated. You need to register the lease within four months of signing the lease agreement. If you fail to do so, you may ask for an extension, but a hefty penalty may be levied. Both the tenant and the landlord need to be present at the time of registration. Two witnesses should also be present at the time of lease agreement registration. If one of the parties is unable to be present, then they can give the power of attorney to their lawyer and their lawyer can get the lease deed registered on their behalf. 

Following documents are required for registration of a lease deed: 

  • The original proof of ownership of the property. 

  • Property documents of the property to be leased. A tax receipt can be submitted as a property document. 

  • Two photographs each of the parties and one photograph each of the witnesses. 

  • Address proof copy of the landlord, tenant and the witnesses. You can submit your Aadhaar, bank passbook, passport etc. as your address proof. 

  • The rental agreement printed on the stamp paper of the correct value. 

Stamp duty varies in different states. In Delhi, you need to pay stamp duty at the rate of 2% for lease agreements for a term of up to 5 years and at the rate of 3%, if the lease deed exceeds 5 years. The lease deed registration fees is INR 1100. This fee does not depend upon the value of the property. 

Those who read this Article also Consulted a Lawyer about lease deed registration process. 

Online Lease Agreement Registration

In some states, lease agreement registration may be done online as well. For instance, in Maharashtra lease agreement online registration may be done. Let us examine the process for lease agreement registration online: 

  • You need to first check if online lease agreement registration is possible in the state where you live. 

  • If yes, then visit a government authorised website and create your profile there.

  • You may need to enter certain information such as the location of your property, area of your property, what property type it is, address etc. 

  • Once you have completed this step, you would be given a token number which you will have to use as user ID for logging in next time. 

  • You would then be asked to enter details of the parties to the lease agreement. You need to mention details such as whether you are an individual or a company, what is your occupation, address etc. 

  • Once you have entered all the details, you will be asked if you want to pay stamp duty and lease deed registration fees online. You can pay these charges through an online challan. You need to enter certain information such as address of the property, landlord and tenant’s name, CTS number of the property (for properties already under city survey), location of the property etc. 

  • Once, you have paid the lease deed registration fees and the required stamp duty, you will need to book an appointment with the sub-registrar. Remember, that a lease agreement registration online, does not mean that you will not have to go to the sub-registrar’s office. It just makes the process of lease deed registration easier. When you get the appointment, go to the sub-registrar’s office on the said date with all the relevant documents. The sub-registrar would finalise your registration. Documents required for online registration of lease agreement are the same as those required for physical registration of a lease agreement. 

People Also Read This: Why you should get your rent agreement registered?

While online lease agreement registration is easier than physical registration, it is not prevalent in many states. It is always preferred that you take legal help to draft a lease agreement. A lawyer would guide you through the drafting and registration process and will help you save time.

Why you should get your rent agreement registered?
Property

Why you should get your rent agreement registered?

Looking to rent out your house to someone? Make sure that you enter into a rental agreement first. A rental agreement is a legal contract signed between the landlord and the tenant. A tenancy agreement registration serves as valid proof in case of any potential dispute. If you are renting a property for at least 12 months or more, it is mandatory to have a registered rental agreement. However, if the rental agreement is set up for less than a year, it is not legally required to have a registered rental agreement.

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN A REGISTERED AND A NON-REGISTERED RENTAL AGREEMENT

The differences between a Registered and a Non-Registered Rental Agreement are as follows:

Registered Rental Agreement

Non-Registered Rental Agreement

Rental agreements for 12 months or more.

Rental agreements for a period of less than 12 months.

Can be admitted as proof in a court of law.

Difficult to present as evidence in a court of law.

A notary may notarize a non-registered rental agreement. However, even then, it may be admissible only as proof of address and may not be sufficient to protect the parties' rights. You can prepare a non-registered rental agreement on INR 50 or INR 100 Stamp paper issued by the state.

Hence, in an 11-month rental agreement, registration is not mandatory. You would have noticed that typically, tenancy agreements are for 11 months. You may choose to enter into an 11-month rental agreement to avoid the compulsory registration requirement.

People Also Read This: Lease Deed Registration: Everything You Should Know

RENTAL AGREEMENT REGISTRATION

If the rental agreement is drafted for 12 months or more, then a rental agreement registration becomes essential. You can register a rental agreement at the registrar’s office in that city. The registration fee of a registered rental agreement differs from state to state. The registered rental agreement is legally binding on both the parties and is admissible as proof in a court of law.

A landlord may rent out his property for differing periods. Stamp duty on the rented property depends upon the time for which the property is rented:

Time

Payable Stamp Duty

Rental agreements between 1 to 5 years

 

2% of thrice the average annual rent.

 

Rental agreements between 6 to 10 years

 

2% of four times the average annual rent.

 

Rental agreements between 11 to 20 years

 

2% of five times the average annual rent

Rental agreements beyond 20 years

 

2% of the six times the average annual rent.

 

Only the rental agreements of more than one year should be registered. For other rental agreements that are of less than one year (for example, 11 months), notarizing it with the notary public and paying the stamp duty is good enough and credible.

Now that we have understood the basics of rental agreement registration, let us understand the procedure for registration of a rental agreement:

  • Get a rental agreement drafted by a lawyer.
  • If you are the tenant, you need to get the rental agreement printed on a specific value stamp paper.
  • Both tenants and landlords need to sign at the designated places on the rental agreements.
  • Get the signature of two witnesses who are not related to either the landlord or the tenant.
  • After this, both the tenant and the landlord must be physically present at the sub-registrar’s office of their sub-locality.
  • Both tenants and the landlord, and two witnesses need to carry their two passport-sized photos and ID cards for verification and validation.
  • Any third person or any agent cannot carry out the registration of the rental agreement.
  • As soon as you pay the stamp duty, the registration is complete.

The registration fee for a rental deed agreement is typically around INR 1100. The rental agreement registration fee is payable regardless of the rental amount or the property value. The stamp duty charges are also applicable to the registration fee for the rent agreement.

Documents Required for Rent Agreement Registration

Following documents are required for a registered rent agreement:

  • Original ownership documents or title deed.
  • Two passport-sized photographs (tenants, landlords, and two witnesses).
  • Aadhar card
  • A government authorized identity proof (voter Id, passport, driving license, etc.)
  • If the tenant is a company, then an authorization letter from the company is required. This authorization would validate the tenant’s right to register.

Online Rental Agreement Registration

In today’s world, whether it is about buying products or choosing services, most individuals look at nowhere else but the internet. The same situation can also be seen when it comes to making a Rental Agreement. However, there are only a few states in India which allow online rental agreements. Let’s find out how registering rent agreement online works.

Process for Online Rental Agreement Registration:

The process to get an online registered rent agreement is as follows:

  • Firstly, visit the authorized government website.
  • Find out the online rent agreement option on the main page.
  • Choose your jurisdiction from the given list.
  • Provide your details required in the form.
  • Fill in the details of the other party.
  • Submit the details of tenant, identifiers, and landlord
  • Now move to the next step, i.e., rental agreement information, and fill in the details

The documents required for an online registered rent agreement are:

  • PAN card and Aadhar number of tenants, landlord, and two witnesses.
  • A biometric scanner to scan thumb.

People Also Read This: All You Need To Know About Drafting Lease Agreements?

How to Create a Rent Agreement Draft?

A registered rent agreement sample is typically available online on many websites. A rental deed agreement should contain the following elements:

  • Names and addresses of the landlord and the tenant.
  • A brief description of the property.
  • The date by which the rent would need to be paid.
  • What would be the mode of the rent payment?
  • Exit options.
  • Amount of refundable security deposit and how and when would it be refunded?
  • What utilities are provided to the tenant?
  • What facilities can the tenant use?

A rent deed means a contract between the landlord and the tenant, and hence, it should serve not only as proof of the tenancy but also as an instrument to protect the parties' rights. Hence, it is preferred that you consult a local lawyer before drawing up a rental deed agreement and get clarity regarding registration, stamp duty, etc.